Sunday, February 28, 2010

Word 1331: Obcordate

adjective Botany
(of a leaf) in the shape of a heart with the pointed end at the base

Word 1330: Debt of honor

a debt that is not legally recoverable, esp. one incurred in gambling

Word 1329: Seraglio

noun ( pl. -ios)
the women's apartments (harem) in a Muslim palace

Word 1328: Lurdan

an idle or incompetent person

Word 1327: Stylobate

a continuous base supporting a row of columns in classical Greek architecture

Word 1326: Adnexa

plural noun Anatomy
the parts adjoining an organ

Word 1325: Primogeniture

the state of being the firstborn child
• (also right of primogeniture) the right of succession belonging to the firstborn child, esp. the feudal rule by which the whole real estate of an intestate passed to the eldest son

Word 1324: Ratio decidendi

noun ( pl. rationes decidendi) Law
the rule of law on which a judicial decision is based

Word 1323: Compony

adjective [usu. postpositive] Heraldry
divided into a single row of squares in alternating tinctures

Word 1322: Parol

adjective Law
given or expressed orally
• (of a document) agreed orally, or in writing but not under seal

Word 1321: Heliogram

a message sent by reflecting sunlight in flashes from a movable mirror

Word 1320: Dead letter

1. a law or treaty that has not been repealed but is ineffectual or defunct in practice
figurative a thing that is impractical or obsolete
2. a letter that is undeliverable and unreturnable, typically one with an incorrect address

Word 1319: Penstock

a sluice or floodgate for regulating the flow of a body of water
• a channel for conveying water to a waterwheel or turbine

Word 1318: Lidocaine

noun Medicine
a synthetic compound used as a local anesthetic, e.g., for dental surgery, and in treating abnormal heart rhythms

Word 1317: Sook

noun informal
a person lacking spirit or self-confidence; a coward
• a hand-reared calf

Word 1316: Attorn

verb [ intrans.] Law
formally make or acknowledge a transfer of something

Word 1315: Tazza

a saucer-shaped cup mounted on a foot

Word 1314: Eristic

of or characterized by debate or argument
• (of an argument or arguer) aiming at winning rather than at reaching the truth

Word 1313: Surrender value

the amount payable to a person who surrenders a life insurance policy

Word 1312: Kaizen

a Japanese business philosophy of continuous improvement of working practices, personal efficiency, etc.

Word 1311: Pish

used to express annoyance, impatience, or disgust

Word 1310: Talaria

plural noun
(in Roman mythology) winged sandals as worn by certain gods and goddesses, esp. Mercury

Word 1309: Ex hypothesi

according to the hypothesis proposed

Word 1308: Mesne profits

plural noun Law
the profits of an estate received by a tenant in wrongful possession and recoverable by the landlord

Word 1307: Begum

noun Indian
a Muslim lady of high rank
• ( Begum) the title of a married Muslim woman, equivalent to Mrs.

Word 1306: Zori

noun ( pl. zoris)
a traditional Japanese style of sandal, much like a flip-flop, originally made with a straw sole

Word 1305: Legato

adverb & adjective Music
in a smooth, flowing manner, without breaks between notes

Word 1304: Nolle prosequi

noun Law
a formal notice of abandonment by a plaintiff or prosecutor of all or part of a suit or action
• the entry of this in a court record

Word 1303: Rav

noun Judaism
a rabbi, esp. one who holds a position of authority or who acts as a personal mentor
• ( Rav) (in orthodox Judaism) a title of respect and form of address preceding a personal name

Word 1302: Oud

a form of lute or mandolin played principally in Arab countries

Word 1301: Sad sack

noun informal
an inept, blundering person

Saturday, February 27, 2010

Word 1300: Tincture

1. a medicine made by dissolving a drug in alcohol
2. a slight trace of something
3. Heraldry any of the conventional colors (including the metals and stains, and often the furs) used in coats of arms

Word 1299: A posteriori

relating to or denoting reasoning or knowledge that proceeds from observations or experiences to the deduction of probable causes

Word 1298: Dogtooth

noun Architecture
a small pointed ornament repeated along a molding consisting of four petals radiating from a raised center, used esp. in the Early English style

Sunday, February 21, 2010

Word 1297: Annus mirabilis

a remarkable or auspicious year

Word 1296: Subluxation

noun Medicine
a partial dislocation
• a slight misalignment of the vertebrae, regarded in chiropractic theory as the cause of many health problems

Friday, February 19, 2010

Word 1295: Giblets

plural noun
the liver, heart, gizzard, and neck of a chicken or other fowl, usually removed before the bird is cooked, and often used to make gravy, stuffing, or soup

Word 1294: Ikat

fabric made using an Indonesian decorative technique in which warp or weft threads, or both, are tie-dyed before weaving

Word 1293: Digraph

a combination of two letters representing one sound, as in ph and ey
• Printing
a character consisting of two joined letters; a ligature

Word 1292: Succès d'estime

noun ( pl. same)
a success through critical appreciation, as opposed to popularity or commercial gain

Word 1291: Emic

relating to or denoting an approach to the study or description of a particular language or culture in terms of its internal elements and their functioning rather than in terms of any existing external scheme

Word 1290: Tai

noun ( pl. same)
a deep red-brown Pacific sea bream, eaten as a delicacy in Japan

Word 1289: Sunset provision

a stipulation that an agency or program be disbanded or terminated at the end of a fixed period unless it is formally renewed

Word 1288: Prang

verb [ trans.]
crash (a motor vehicle or aircraft)

Word 1287: Whey-faced

(of a person) pale, esp. as a result of ill health, shock, or fear

Word 1286: Layette

a set of clothing, linens, and sometimes toiletries for a newborn child

Word 1285: Probate

the official proving of a will
• a verified copy of a will with a certificate as handed to the executors

Word 1284: Zouk

an exuberant style of popular music combining Caribbean and Western elements and having a fast heavy beat

Word 1283: Bardo

(in Tibetan Buddhism) a state of existence between death and rebirth, varying in length according to a person's conduct in life and manner of, or age at, death
• an indeterminate, transitional state

Word 1282: Tallow

a hard fatty substance made from rendered animal fat, used in making candles and soap

Word 1281: Yclept

adjective [ predic.] archaic or humorous
by the name of

Word 1280: Ptosis

noun Medicine
drooping of the upper eyelid due to paralysis or disease, or as a congenital condition

Word 1279: Juku

noun ( pl. same)
(in Japan) a private school or college attended in addition to an ordinary educational institution

Word 1278: Roundelay

noun poetic/literary
a short simple song with a refrain
• a circle dance

Word 1277: Feria

(in Spanish-speaking regions) a local fair or festival, usually in honor of a patron saint

Word 1276: Lumbago

pain in the muscles and joints of the lower back

Word 1275: Theine

caffeine, esp. when it occurs in tea

Word 1274: Dead loss

a venture or situation that produces no profit whatsoever

Word 1273: Salwar

a pair of light, loose, pleated trousers tapering to a tight fit around the ankles, worn by women from the Indian subcontinent, typically with a kameez

Word 1272: Ontic

adjective Philosophy
of or relating to entities and the facts about them; relating to real as opposed to phenomenal existence

Word 1271: Rataplan

noun [ in sing.]
a drumming or beating sound

Word 1270: Glop

noun informal
a sticky and amorphous substance, typically something unpleasant
• a soft, shapeless lump of something
figurative worthless or overly sentimental writing, music, or other material

Word 1269: Pawl

a pivoted curved bar or lever whose free end engages with the teeth of a cogwheel or ratchet so that the wheel or ratchet can only turn or move one way
• each of a set of short stout bars that engage with the whelps and prevent a capstan, windlass, or winch from recoiling

Word 1268: Nob

noun informal
a person of wealth or high social position

Word 1267: Semblable

noun poetic/literary
a counterpart or equal to someone

Word 1266: Ennead

a group or set of nine

Word 1265: Miter

a tall headdress worn by bishops and senior abbots as a symbol of office, tapering to a point at front and back with a deep cleft between

Word 1264: Venter

noun Zoology
the underside or abdomen of an animal

Word 1263: Trull

a prostitute

Word 1262: Advert

verb [ intrans.] ( advert to) formal
refer to in speaking or writing : he had failed to advert to the consequences that his conduct was having

Word 1261: Ridley

noun ( pl. -leys)
a small turtle of tropical seas

Word 1260: Suttee

noun ( pl. suttees)
the former Hindu practice of a widow immolating herself on her husband's funeral pyre
• a widow who committed such an act

Word 1259: Langlauf

cross-country skiing

Word 1258: Hoplite

a heavily armed foot soldier of ancient Greece

Word 1257: Burgonet

a kind of visored helmet

Word 1256: Puta

noun informal
(in Spanish-speaking regions) a prostitute or slut

Word 1255: Beau monde

noun ( the beau monde)
fashionable society

Word 1254: Mariage blanc

noun ( pl. mariages blancs)
an unconsummated marriage

Word 1253: Taj

a tall conical cap worn by a dervish
historical a crown worn by an Indian prince of high rank

Word 1252: Bayadère

a Hindu dancing girl, in particular one at a southern Indian temple

Word 1251: Volplane

a controlled dive or downward flight at a steep angle, esp. by an airplane with the engine shut off

Word 1250: Sharif

1. a descendant of Muhammad through his daughter Fatima, entitled to wear a green turban or veil
2. a Muslim ruler, magistrate, or religious leader

Word 1249: Noria

a device for raising water from a stream or river, consisting of a chain of pots or buckets revolving around a wheel driven by the water current

Thursday, February 18, 2010

Word 1248: Dram

a small drink of whiskey or other spirits (often used in humorous imitation of Scottish speech)

Word 1247: Vox populi

noun [ in sing.]
the opinions or beliefs of the majority

Word 1246: Imperium

absolute power

Monday, February 15, 2010

Word 1245: Peduncle

noun Botany
the stalk bearing a flower or fruit, or the main stalk of an inflorescence
Zoology a stalklike part by which an organ is attached to an animal's body, or by which a barnacle or other sedentary animal is attached to a substrate
Anatomy any of several bundles of nerve fibers connecting two parts of the brain

Word 1244: Loss-leader

a product sold at a loss to attract customers

Thursday, February 11, 2010

Word 1243: Bitewing

a dental film for X-raying the crowns of upper and lower teeth simultaneously and that is held in place by a tab between the teeth

Word 1242: Geoid

noun ( the geoid)
the hypothetical shape of the earth, coinciding with mean sea level and its imagined extension under (or over) land areas

Word 1241: Redan

an arrow-shaped embankment forming part of a fortification

Word 1240: Ambo

noun ( pl. ambos)
(in an early Christian church) an oblong pulpit with steps at each end

Word 1239: Zamindar

noun Indian
a landowner, esp. one who leases his land to tenant farmers

Word 1238: Ptisan

a nourishing drink, esp. barley water

Word 1237: Mikado

noun historical
a title given to the emperor of Japan

Word 1236: Flacon

noun ( pl. flacons)
a small stoppered bottle, esp. one for perfume

Word 1235: Scire facias

noun Law
a writ requiring a person to show why a judgment regarding a record or patent should not be enforced or annulled

Word 1234: Estoppel

noun Law
the principle that precludes a person from asserting something contrary to what is implied by a previous action or statement of that person or by a previous pertinent judicial determination

Wednesday, February 10, 2010

Word 1233: Quod erat demonstrandum (QED)

used to convey that a fact or situation demonstrates the truth of one's theory or claim, esp. to mark the conclusion of a formal proof

Word 1232: Nashi

the crisp apple-shaped fruit of a tree that is native to Japan and China and cultivated in Australia and New Zealand

Word 1231: Rishi

noun ( pl. rishis)
a Hindu sage or saint

Word 1230: Zikr

noun Islam
a form of devotion, associated chiefly with Sufism, in which the worshiper is absorbed in the rhythmic repetition of the name of God or his attributes
• a Sufi ceremony in which this is practiced

Word 1229: Gules

red, as a heraldic tincture

Word 1228: Baton

noun Heraldry
a narrow bend truncated at each end

Word 1227: Plus ça change

used to express resigned acknowledgment of the fundamental immutability of human nature and institutions

Word 1226: Pir

a Muslim saint or holy man

Word 1225: Finca

(in Spanish-speaking regions) a country estate; a ranch

Word 1224: Maniple

1. a subdivision of a Roman legion, containing either 120 or 60 men
2. (in church use) a vestment formerly worn by a priest celebrating the Eucharist, consisting of a strip hanging from the left arm

Word 1223: Nisi

djective [ postpositive] Law
(of a decree, order, or rule) taking effect or having validity only after certain specified conditions are met

Word 1222: Tristesse

noun poetic/literary
a state of melancholy sadness

Sunday, February 7, 2010

Word 1221: Cabotage

the right to operate sea, air, or other transport services within a particular territory
• restriction of the operation of sea, air, or other transport services within or into a particular country to that country's own transport services

Word 1220: Gimbal

noun (often gimbals)
a contrivance, typically consisting of rings pivoted at right angles, for keeping an instrument such as a compass or chronometer horizontal in a moving vessel or aircraft

Saturday, February 6, 2010

Word 1219: Puja

noun Hinduism & Buddhism
the act of worship

Word 1218: Salat

the ritual prayer of Muslims, performed five times daily in a set form

Word 1217: Jefe

noun informal
a boss or leader; a person in charge of something

Word 1216: Carriole

a small open horse-drawn carriage for one person
• a light covered cart

Word 1215: Nikah

a Muslim marriage ceremony

Word 1214: Tante

(esp. among those of French or German origin) a mature or elderly woman who is related or well known to the speaker (often used as a respectful form of address)

Word 1213: Sodbuster

noun informal
a farmer or farm worker who plows the land

Word 1212: Laciniate

adjective Botany & Zoology
divided into deep narrow irregular segments

Word 1211: Wilco

expressing compliance or agreement, esp. acceptance of instructions received by radio

Word 1210: Poco a poco

adverb Music
(esp. as a direction) little by little; gradually

Word 1209: Causalgia

severe burning pain in a limb caused by injury to a peripheral nerve

Word 1208: Nori

an edible seaweed, eaten either fresh or dried in sheets, esp. by the Japanese

Word 1207: Sorus

noun ( pl. sori) Botany
a cluster of spore-producing receptacles on the underside of a fern frond
• a gamete-producing or fruiting body in certain algae and fungi

Word 1206: Affiant

noun Law
a person who swears to an affidavit

Thursday, February 4, 2010

Word 1205: Fairwater

a structure that improves the streamlining of a ship to assist its smooth passage through water

Word 1204: Infauna

noun Ecology
the animals living in the sediments of the ocean floor or river or lake beds

Word 1203: Redd

verb [ trans.]
put something in order; tidy

Word 1202: Lavage

noun Medicine
washing out of a body cavity, such as the colon or stomach, with water or a medicated solution

Word 1201: De haut en bas

adverb & adjective
in a condescending or superior manner

Word 1200: Pavé

a setting of precious stones placed so closely together that no metal shows

Word 1199: Dogleg

a thing that bends sharply, in particular a sharp bend in a road or route
Golf a hole at which the player cannot aim directly at the green from the tee

Word 1198: Congé

noun [ in sing.]
an unceremonious dismissal of someone; a leavetaking

Word 1197: Feme sole

noun Law
a woman without a husband, esp. one who is divorced

Word 1196: Lungi

noun ( pl. lungis)
a length of cotton cloth worn as a loincloth in India or as a skirt in Myanmar (Burma), where it is the national dress for both sexes

Word 1195: Onanism

noun formal
1. masturbation
2. coitus interruptus

Word 1194: Gastrolith

1. Medicine a hard concretion in the stomach
2. Zoology a small stone swallowed by a bird, reptile, or fish, to aid digestion in the gizzard

Word 1193: Old hat

noun informal
used to refer to something considered uninteresting, predictable, tritely familiar, or old-fashioned

Word 1192: Versant

a region of land sloping in one general direction

Word 1191: Kachina

noun ( pl. -nas)
a deified ancestral spirit in the mythology of Pueblo Indians
• (also kachina dancer) a person who represents such a spirit in ceremonial dances
• (also kachina doll) a small carved figure representing such a spirit

Word 1190: Wait state

the condition of computer software or hardware being unable to process further instructions while waiting for some event such as the completion of a data transfer

Word 1189: Isthmus

noun ( pl. -muses)
a narrow strip of land with sea on either side, forming a link between two larger areas of land

Word 1188: Aileron

a hinged surface in the trailing edge of an airplane wing, used to control lateral balance

Word 1187: Seiche

a temporary disturbance or oscillation in the water level of a lake or partially enclosed body of water, esp. one caused by changes in atmospheric pressure

Word 1186: Hyperalimentation

noun Medicine
artificial supply of nutrients, typically intravenously

Wednesday, February 3, 2010

Word 1185: Raku

noun [ usu. as adj.]
a kind of lead-glazed Japanese earthenware, typically irregular in shape and used esp. for the tea ceremony

Word 1184: Faux-naïf

(of a work of art or a person) artificially or affectedly simple or naive

Word 1183: Seitan

a high-protein vegetarian food made from cooked wheat gluten

Word 1182: Nil desperandum

do not despair; never despair

Word 1181: Bartizan

noun Architecture
an overhanging corner turret at the top of a castle or church tower

Word 1180: Varna

each of the four Hindu castes, Brahman, Kshatriya, Vaishya, and Shudra

Word 1179: Mare clausum

noun ( pl. maria clausa) Law
the sea under the jurisdiction of a particular country

Word 1178: Ex silentio

adjective & adverb
by the absence of contrary evidence

Word 1177: Trippant

adjective [usu. postpositive ] Heraldry
(of a stag or deer) represented as walking

Word 1176: Atman

noun Hinduism
the spiritual life principle of the universe, esp. when regarded as inherent in the real self of the individual
• a person's soul

Word 1175: Non est factum

noun Law
a plea that a written agreement is invalid because the defendant was mistaken about its character when signing it

Word 1174: Socage

noun historical
a feudal tenure of land involving payment of rent or other nonmilitary service to a superior

Word 1173: Babassu

a Brazilian palm that yields an edible oil sometimes used in cosmetics

Word 1172: Non possumus

used as a statement expressing inability to act in a matter

Word 1171: Pase

a maneuver with the cape in bullfighting, the purpose of which is to get the bull's attention

Word 1170: Splanchnic

of or relating to the viscera or internal organs, esp. those of the abdomen

Word 1169: Lugsail

an asymmetrical four-sided sail that is hoisted on a steeply inclined yard

Word 1168: Ex post facto

adjective & adverb
with retroactive effect or force

Word 1167: Mirabile dictu

wonderful to relate

Word 1166: Per curiam

by decision of a judge, or of a court in unanimous agreement

Word 1165: Ephod

(in ancient Israel) a sleeveless garment worn by Jewish priests

Word 1164: Whitlow

an abscess in the soft tissue near a fingernail or toenail

Word 1163: Antinomy

noun ( pl. -mies)
a contradiction between two beliefs or conclusions that are in themselves reasonable; a paradox

Word 1162: Somesthetic

adjective Physiology
relating to or denoting a sensation (such as pressure, pain, or warmth) that can occur anywhere in the body, in contrast to one localized at a sense organ (such as sight, balance, or taste)

Word 1161: Ultra vires

adjective & adverb Law
beyond one's legal power or authority

Word 1160: Mandala

a geometric figure representing the universe in Hindu and Buddhist symbolism
Psychoanalysis such a symbol in a dream, representing the dreamer's search for completeness and self-unity

Word 1159: Sadhu

noun Indian
a holy man, sage, or ascetic

Word 1158: Pizzicato

(often as a direction) plucking the strings of a violin or other stringed instrument with one's finger

Word 1157: Kulak

noun historical
a peasant in Russia wealthy enough to own a farm and hire labor. Emerging after the emancipation of serfs in the 19th century, the kulaks resisted Stalin's forced collectivization, but millions were arrested, exiled, or killed

Word 1156: Nowed

adjective [ often postpositive] Heraldry
knotted; (of a snake) depicted interlaced in a knot

Tuesday, February 2, 2010

Word 1155: Mullah

a Muslim learned in Islamic theology and sacred law

Word 1154: Sangha

the Buddhist community of monks, nuns, novices, and laity

Word 1153: Force majeure

1. unforeseeable circumstances that prevent someone from fulfilling a contract
2. irresistible compulsion or greater force

Word 1152: Clary

an aromatic herbaceous plant of the mint family, some kinds of which are used as culinary and medicinal herbs

Word 1151: Idiographic

of or relating to the study or discovery of particular scientific facts and processes, as distinct from general laws

Word 1150: Movant

noun Law
a person who applies to or petitions a court or judge for a ruling in his or her favor

Word 1149: Onus probandi

noun Law
the obligation to prove an assertion or allegation one makes; the burden of proof

Word 1148: Wakizashi

noun ( pl. same)
a Japanese sword shorter than a katana

Word 1147: Kami

noun ( pl. same)
a divine being in the Shinto religion

Word 1146: Res ipsa loquitur

noun Law
the principle that the occurrence of an accident implies negligence

Word 1145: Bum steer

noun informal
a piece of false information or guidance : apparently, those who recommended your good service gave us a bum steer

Word 1144: Slype

a covered way or passage between a cathedral transept and the chapter house or deanery

Monday, February 1, 2010

Word 1143: Apodosis

noun ( pl. -ses) Grammar
the main (consequent) clause of a conditional sentence (e.g., I would agree in if you asked me I would agree)

Word 1142: Phenology

the study of cyclic and seasonal natural phenomena, esp. in relation to climate and plant and animal life

Word 1141: Sub judice

adjective Law
under judicial consideration and therefore prohibited from public discussion elsewhere

Word 1140: Lambrequin

1. a short piece of decorative drapery hung over the top of a door or window or draped from a shelf or mantelpiece
2. a piece of cloth covering the back of a medieval knight's helmet, represented in heraldry as the mantling

Word 1139: Oy vey

indicating dismay or grief

Word 1138: Vipassana

(in Theravada Buddhism) meditation involving concentration on the body or its sensations, or the insight that this provides